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Slipcasted Terracotta façade in London: the Francis Crick Institute

The Francis Crick Institute will create the United Kingdom’s foremost biomedical research facility through a unique collaboration between Cancer Research UK, The Medical Research Council, The Wellcome Trust, University College London (UCL), Imperial College London and King’s College London. The distinctive vaulted roof recalls the form of the adjacent Barlow Shed at St. Pancras International. As in the station, the delicate engineering of the roof is contrasted with the robust masonry of the base of the building which creates richly textured elevations at street level. Innovative architectural and engineering design will deliver a highly sustainable building.   TECNIQUE Palagio Engineering's work has dealt with the engineering and production of vertical elements made in natural terracotta. These items consist in 9 different types of Terracotta fins with a length of about one meter, produced in 3 different shades as custom colors for the project. These Fin elements are installed in front of the windows of the building and are fixed to the primary structure by means of metal plates and special “pig noise” screws. Due to its particular shape and the hollow body, this special terracotta profile could not be produced through a traditional extrusion process; for this reason Palagio Engineering has used a molding technology referred to as “slip casting”. CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD THE PDF ! PDF 3D model 1 PDF 3D model 2 GALLERY [gallery size="large" link="file" ids="3014,3031,3035,3025,3023,3037,3039,3062,3021,3019,3186,3027,3029"]...

Terracotta GreenBuilding in Milan: new multifunctional center at Porta Vittoria

Porta Vittoria is a new multifunctional center, located near to the center of Milan. Its strategic position makes it a place full of services and activities. It is the area of “Parco Largo dei Marinai d’Italia” where to spend free time in the warm Seasons, going jogging or shopping. Close to the historic city Court and to Corso XXII Marzo, famous avenue leading to “Piazza Cinque Giornate”, an area particularly full of activities, restaurants, events and some of the most famous clubs of the Milan night life. The complex is air-conditioned by means of a heat exchanging system, allowing the use of well water and consequent energy savings.The commercial areas are covered with a green roof to improve their impact on the nearby residences (Energy class A). The entire project by Architect Nonis Milan is divided into a number of architectural blocks, with external stone, wood and terracotta cladding, overlooking the vast green areas, both private and public, all equipped to complete the residential complex with a suitable allocation of green spaces. Palagio Engineering has been in charge of the terracotta production, the project engineering and the installation of the ventilated facade in terracotta and the terracotta louvers covering the residential building “B”. TECHNIQUE The anchoring system of the ventilated terracotta facade is Alusystem XL by Palagio Engineering combined with the Sunscreen System for the terracotta louvers. Complete technical support during planning guaranteed the project aesthetics and maximum functional efficiency, respecting environmental standards The fixing system consists in one main profile to hold both, terracotta tiles and tubes, which have been pre assembled as louver panels in the factory to optimize the installation process. A particular feature of the project is the creation of a primary metal structure to carry the terracotta louvers at floors 8, 9 and 10. This visible structure has been entirely realized with painted aluminum in a color imitating the terracotta extrusions.The ventilated terracotta façade has been realized with terracotta panels TerraModus and terracotta tubes TerraShade, both produced as full-body extrusions in color Terre Bruciate 249. The north elevation is covered with terracotta panel Terramodus alternating three different panel heights, 200, 300 and 400 mm. Terramodus is a single extruded, hollow terracotta panel, with overlaps at upper and lower edges for invisible anchoring. The calibrated length of the panel is obtained by cutting after firing and grants highest precision of the vertical joints. The ventilated façade on the south elevation, with openings of the balconies, is alternating with terracotta sunscreens located on the balcony openings, positioned both as parapets and fascia to grant an optimized protection from sunrays. Terracotta tube model TerraShade 5009, extruded in length 1000 and 1200 mm, has been used for this application. The main feature of this element is its length: in fact this louver can be extruded in one single piece with a length up to 3000 mm thanks to a particular production technique. Details of Palagio Engineering scope: Engineering and Shop drawings of the ventilated facade, including detail and “as build” drawings, cutting lists, structural calculation report according to the standards. Supply and installation of the fixing system for the terracotta panels realized in aluminum alloy 6063. The “XL System” is composed of vertical profiles and adjustable brackets, fastened to the backup wall with mechanical / chemical anchor bolts; the individual panels are held by aluminum clips fixed to the tracks by a suitable support bracket; the vertical tracks are installed with a center/center distance of 1000 / 1200 mm. Supply and installation of a fixing system for sunscreens realized in aluminum 6063 (painted in RAL 8016). The “Sunscreen System” is composed of vertical profiles installed with a 1000/1200 mm center/center distance, suitable to carry the louver panels preassembled in the factory. Supply and installation of terracotta panel “TerraModus” (height 200, 300 and 400 mm, length 1000 mm) for the main part of the cladding, including sub modules as compensation elements; only a minor part of the south elevation has been cladded with 1200 mm long elements. The terracotta comes in color TerreBruciate 249 with a sandblasted texture. Supply and installation of terracotta tubes “TerraShade 5009” (square section 50x50mm, length 1000/1200 mm) for the louvers. The terracotta comes in color TerraBruciate 249 with a smooth extruded finish. Supply and installation of the metal framing for the anchoring of the terracotta cladding at floors 8-9-10 (painted RAL 8016). Supply and installation of a black EPDM aesthetic seal “G01” for a perfect alignment of the vertical joints between the terracotta panels (south, east, west elevation). Installation of a thermal insulation, rock wool, thickness 60mm and density 70kg/mc. Cleaning of the installed facade with a weakly acidic solution, to remove dirt accumulated during installation and to grant a perfect aesthetic result of the terracotta facade. Application of a “water-resistant” treatment, to reduce water absorption and increase resistance against atmospheric pollution. watch the gallery >>>...

The Library of Greve in Chianti: a terracotta façade recalling design and tradition

[vc_video link='https://vimeo.com/49320751'] The municipal library of Greve in Chianti, designed by Architects Mdu, was constructed in an urban area, previously occupied by abandoned industrial buildings, located within the UMI 1 area and situated near the historical center. The site, which has a mainly flat terrain, is almost triangular in shape and is bordered south by Viale Vittorio Veneto opposite to Piazza Trento, on the north by the Greve river and on the eastside by a pedestrian area and new residential and commercial buildings. The building is characterized by the use of terracotta, typical construction material of the Chianti region, totally redesigned for this occasion, creating an abstract geometry of the façade consisting of lines and variations of light and shade, apt to evoke the image of rows of vines typical of the surrounding landscape. The uniqueness of the project lies in the design of the ventilated terracotta façade, which includes a rain screen and a brise-soleil application. Two natural elements have been used to realize the façade: the perimeter walls are covered with travertine, while the brise-soleil cladding in terracotta is fixed to the primary structure of the building merely on the upper and lower parts of the construction, creating a single and slander span The system was designed by the Palagio Engineering team according to the project requirements: the terracotta facade, with its warm colors and soft shades, welcomes the users of the library as in a protective shell with an ideal sense of comfort. The brise-soleils create a mutual, but still discreet, visual contact between the external and internal environment; they are realized with TerraTube elements with internal star-shaped openings allow the installation with different inclinations. Rotating around their axis, the 15 x 50 cm dimensioned terracotta tubes assume different inclinations, providing so an abstract geometry of lines and variety of light and shades to the façade which evokes the image of parallel rows of vines of the surrounding hills. Terracotta, building material par excellence of the territory, has so been revised and adapted to meet shapes and language of modern architecture. Technique The external skin is realized with two different facade systems, a rain screen and a brise-soleil system. TerraTube elements, with a 150x50 mm section and the characteristic star-shaped internal opening, allowing the use of one single fixing bracket to obtain inclinations of 45°, 90° and 180°, have been used for the brise-soleil application. For the library project, two additional inclinations with respect to the horizontal position – 33° and 16°- have been selected and obtained through the use of customized lateral brackets. The façade is realized with 1000 mm long, preassembled louvers, fastened laterally to the rectangular tracks. The cladding system is connected to the primary structure of the building merely on top and bottom of the construction, creating a single and slender span.The rain screen cladding is realized with a TerraTube application, with same sectional dimensions of 150x50 mm, fixed to the backup wall by means of omega clips inserted into the shaped rear of the terracotta profile for an invisible fixing, and then fastened to the rectangular vertical tracks. Also the window surrounds, standing out as true and deep scores, have been realized with a rain screen system. The production chain of cladding with Impruneta terracotta is short. The production plant only makes use of natural clay extracted from the local quarry (Chianti fiorentino), free from any toxicity or radioactivity granted by an environmental restoration program. The design of the terracotta profiles allows easy installation with simple but safe systems which maintain the external surface intact.The clips to hold the terracotta panels are positioned inside proper kerfs to grant high load capacity and easy replacement. The terracotta profiles also permit the use of different mechanical anchoring systems to best suit the project requirements and the scheduled installation sequences. The anchoring system for the terracotta elements is realized in totally recyclable, extruded aluminum, with dimensional sections that fit the ventilation chambers, and accessories in stainless steel. The system is composed of vertical support profiles, placed at a distance equal to the length of the terracotta panels and fixed to the backup wall through proper brackets by means of mechanical and/or chemical anchor bolts. Slots in the brackets anchored to the wall grant compensation of possible out-of-squares of the primary structure and allow, at the same time, independent dilatation of the individual components of the anchoring system, avoiding thermal coactions. The outer layer realized with terracotta elements, technically also referred to as sealing layer, has both a protective function of the internal elements from meteoric precipitations as well as an aesthetical function representing and distinguishing the architectural profile of the building. The main aspect of the design of the ventilated façade lies in the static autonomy of each element of the parameter and in the elimination of the mortar padding. The cladding elements do not adhere directly to the structural support and are so free to move according to the proper coefficient of expansion (independently from the movements of the structural support) and to follow the settling movements and oscillation of the load-bearing structures thanks to the elasticity of the anchors. [gallery columns="5" link="file" ids="2766,2756,2754,2735,2733,2727,2729,2762,2760,2758,2752"]...

The New Civic Centre in Scandicci

The New Civic Centre in Scandicci (Florence) engineered by Rogers Stik Harbour + Partners has been awarded a prize by the Royal Institute of British Architects as the best european project for the year 2014. The definition of a new urban plan open and functional to the needs of the community was the key for the development of a spaceless urban area and a sprawl city. A series of buildings and a new tram line – connecting the town to the centre of Florence – have been built around a public piazza, focusing a series of activities from public to private, for the whole community. The new development at Scandicci is characterised by buildings that respect the scale of their surroundings and create a contemporary architectural language, that gives cohesion between all the diff erent typologies, whilst responding to their individual functions. The result is a restrained architectural aesthetic that directs attention towards the setting rather than the buildings themselves. The choice of materials has been conceived with care and attention to the details, the natural anodized aluminium, concrete, glass, stainless steel and terracotta, all cladding crosswise the buildings. Commercial activities and bars are located on the groundfloors facing the square, which is, in turn, crossed by thetram and partially occupied by the new station. The square, a redesigned, entirely pedestrian space with seating and fountains, was transformed from an anonymous terrain vague into a public space shared by the existing municipality and new buildings along with the many tram users. The new residential building, parallel to the tramlines, closesthe square on the east side facing the municipal building inthe most protected area of the project at the center of thepedestrian area. The linear building has commercial spaceson the ground floor and 88 dwellings of various sizesdistributed on 5 typical floor levels and a penthouse. Full-height glazing envelops the ground floor set back from themain volume which appears suspended above the tramlines. Three fully glazed stairs, also set back, are carved outof the main façade dividing the building into four volumes, two on the ends and two central ones. Different façade treatments distinguish the rear elevation from the main one simple extruded aluminium panels and fiber cement on the rear and an elegant curtain wall in terracotta suspended from an aluminium substructure on the main elevation. The red tone of the terracotta, framed by natural anodized aluminium and inset within visibly expressed concrete frame, creates a language that places the traditional local materials in a new, fresh setting. The mix of buildings that have been designed as part of the project include a cultural centre, a commercial building and residences. The cultural centre frames the eastern edge of the piazza and provides a multi-functional hall for seminars, conferences, exhibitions and concerts. It is designed for and operated by the local council and off ers completely fl exible spaces inside, allowing for future adaptation. It can work both independently or in tandem with the piazza outside to stimulate ideas about public activity. TECNIQUE: The choice of terracotta for the ventilated façades and sunscreens made by Palagio Engineering underlines the attention to sustainable construction and to energy saving besides the historical roots that Terracotta has always have in Tuscany. The terracotta tiles and sunscreens model TerraArch are installed through the aluminum fixing system XL engineered by the compan; they clad the entire surface of the bulding for 1340 sqm. The panels and sun screens required the design of an extruded form adaptable to the different typological features and inter-floor heights of the three buildings, with the following dimensions: the Cultural Centre, 3.27 meters, 3.52 meters and 3.77 meters; the Office Building, 3.54 meters; the Residential Building, 2.79 meters. The basi c module, which functions as a common denominator for ali types of panels, consists of four louvers 24.80 centimeters high. The requisite tolerances, ranging from a minimum of 2 inches to a maximum of 9 centimeters, are absorbed by the joints between the modules and the upper and lower fixtures of the panels to the floor slabs. In particular, each building adopts the following type of composition: The towers of the Cultural Centre have framed panels with ventilated cavities and are faced continuously with terracotta. Level with the mezzanine floor slabs, the fronts are lined with GRC sheets and extruded aluminium profiles (21 centimeters high) that frame four panels 96.2 centimeters wide and 2.50 meters high. The Office Building uses three types of terracotta cladding systems that vary depending on the solar exposition. Apart from the north-east façade, which is fully glazed, the remaining fronts have infill panels with shielding that depends on their function and orientation. The north-west and south-east fronts have a glazed part on the inside (floor-toceiling or just in the middle band) and three external bands in terracotta that shield the interiors from the sun in different ways: the upper and lower bands consist of a masonry system and ventilated terracotta cladding; the central band (approximately 1.52 meters high) consists of windows that open and are screened by terracotta baguette shades. Like the northeast front, the southwest front, lined with a tripartite arrangement has a similar continuous cladding of glass with steel bracing, but is shielded by terracotta baguette shades from floor to ceiling (3.00 meters high). The Residential Building is characterized by the double module of terracotta panels mounted on aluminium frames and combined with the module (l meter wide) of aluminium panels with horizontal louvers that make up the single-leaf folding screen system on the loggias, protected by balconies with glass parapets and steel uprights. [gallery link="file"]    ...

La cité de l’Immaculée

Eng The first stone of the new religious estate  "La cité de l'Immaculée" in the city of Alépé (Ivory Coast) will be planted next Januaruy 2015. The religious estate designed by A. Design Studio Architects is conceived as different functional lots, the main lot where the Sanctuary will be constructed and the other ones serving different purposes and following the present realization scheme:  The construction of the Sanctuary  Itineraries and the Adoration Chapel  Services for pilgrims The grotto and the statue of Virgin Mary A multifunctional centre: 1 hotel (150 high-end guest rooms), 1 bank, 1 library, 1 pastry-shop, 1 bakery, a great conference meeting centre. Library Institute for theology studies The main lot is located in a non urbanized area of the city  of Alepe. The dimension of the entire estate is 61.000 sqm. located in a new developing area of the city. The project's main task is to build a Sanctuary with the capacity to accomodate 4000 pilgrims , it is also planned the construction of a peristilium of 25000 places to assist religious celebrations that will be held outdoor. All the buildings inside the estate are puroposely projected to have a minimum impact on environement and will be built with eco-friendly material. The choice of Palagio Engineering's Terracotta Ventilated façades and sunscreen louvers will fully meet this requirements. A 4000 sqm of the main lot will be cladded with Palagio Engineering's Terracotta products.        ...

Parish centre of Cuneo: colour games with Palagio Engineering cladding

Parish centre of Cuneo, San Giovanni Battista: colour games with Palagio Engineering cladding A delight for the eyes that invites the community to actively participate in parish life, a modern and functional centre that does not contrast the existing architecture, but exalts its openness to dialogue. The multicolor wall claddings and sunscreen systems by Palagio Engineering have proved fundamental to the aesthetics and functionality of the structure of San Giovanni Battista Parish in Cuneo. The project, committed to Architect Luca Soave and Surveyor Emilio Dalmasso, meets the requirements of aggregation, education and recreation typical of an active community life. The new building with a semicircular shape that hugs internally a green area, protects the users from the street, hiding and revealing at the same time the functions of which it is the promoter. The new volume, which is set over one floor and divided into two blocks connected by the main entrance, houses catechism classrooms, a multipurpose hall and a technical room. All rooms are arranged in a radial direction, distributed along the perimeter of the plant and separated by a curved corridor illuminated by zenithal perforated patterns. The architect’s choices regarding the exterior cladding of the building have been driven by a sustainable approach, the research for comfort and maximum reduction of energy consumption . For these reasons, the selection of materials has been aimed to maximize efficiency and to achieve high thermal performance and optimized internal luminosity of the inhabited spaces. The terracotta wall claddings and sunscreen systems by Palagio Engineering have proved to be perfect for the purpose grace to their energy efficiency, thermal control, acoustic protection and the naturalness of the material. The wall cladding of the building sees as protagonist terracotta elements,  type Terratube, with square section 60x60 mm and a natural finish in the typical red terracotta color of Impruneta, alternating elements with majolica finish in 4 different colors  cyan, red, green and blue. The elements with a length of 2200 mm are installed vertically and follow the curve of backup wall. The stability conferred to the terracotta tubes by their internal aluminum profile is maximized by a horizontal primary structure in silver anodized aluminum, fixed to the building with stainless steel anchors. An unique Parish center, a world of color that preserves the qualities of prestige, strength and durability typical for Impruneta terracotta. The design of the new building is marked by the lightness of composition, by the continuous rhythm of perforated patterns and by the color games of the sunscreens. As stated by the Arch. Soave: "A sincere architecture, contemplated,  with a careful choice of solids and empty spaces and of materials, reaching out to give environmental significance to the project."...

Palagio Engineering at Batimat 2013

Palagio Engineering at Batimat 2013 From november 4th to 8th Palagio Engineering will take part in Batimat, the international exhibition and reference to all companies operating in the construction sector. The event will take place in Villepinte, exhibition center of Paris, contemporaneously to the Interclima and Ideo Bain tradeshows which form together the biggest platform in the world, dedicated to construction and architecture. A global event that will involve more than 3,000 exhibitors able to meet approximately 400,000 professional operators from all over the world. A unique opportunity to discover new materials, the latest techniques and the most innovative solutions in the industry. Palagio Engineering will welcome experts and professionals from all over the world in Hall 5A - Stand P107, to present novelties in the field of terracotta wall claddings and sunscreen systems. A unique occasion to act as top player in the construction industry for a company which is distinguished by the aesthetic impact of its products and its attention to environmental sustainability....

Length is not a limit

Palagio Engineering  planned an innovative sunscreen system up to 3 meters long. The attention is now focused on the beauty of light. A revolution takes place in the wall cladding façade: the visual impact is increased using a lower number of mullion and mechanical fixing. Various shapes: Research, studies and technological development gave the company the ability to design new sunscreen systems, that differ in their cross-sections but keep unchanged the main features of durability and resistance. The shapes can be:  Multiform Square Rectangular Elliptical Round   Full body colors Galestro of Impruneta, one of the most precious clay in the world, mixed with metal oxides creates a range of warm and natural full body colors that can satisfy the aesthetic taste, and gives inspiration to the contemporary designer. Majolica colours The colors represent an important expression of architectural design. They identify a structure providing a precise identity into the skyline. For this reason Palagio Engineering studied a "Majolica" finishing available in a wide range of enamelled, shiny and glazed colors, with an excellent resistance and durability of the external surface. ...

Completed the construction of the new Abu Dhabi Court House

Completed the construction of the new Abu Dhabi Court House with Palagio Engineering cladding The new Abu Dhabi Court House, with its 97,780 square meters, is located in the north-east of Al Khaleej Al Arabi Street and occupies a strategic position in the city of Abu Dhabi. The 40,000 square meters of Palagio Engineering cladding contribute to reduced environmental impact through the use of rainscreen walls and louver claddings realized specifically for this structure. The ambitious achievement, developed by the prestigious design firm Dar Al-Omran, has already been recognized as the second best project in 2010 and today represents the country’s willingness to expand the spaces dedicated to the justice. This building is in fact part of a broader program of development of the judicial system in Abu Dhabi that is still strongly attached to Islam, as can be seen from the building arrangement oriented towards the Qiblah (direction to Mecca). Despite these references to Arab tradition, the look of the structures is contemporary and manufactured to the most innovative international standards, with an eye to their impact on the environment. The demands of thermal and acoustic high-performance were met by the use of terracotta rainscreen walls and louver systems that, not only enhance the buildings’ aesthetic value, but also the functional one. The main cladding part is constituted by terracotta slabs model TerraModus used in size 30x120 cm, chosen in the color orange with a smooth extruded surface, while the rest is a louver screen fixed to a metal structure composed by tubular elements with section 50x80mm, extruded as single piece with lengths up to 3 meters. Customized connecting elements in terracotta, manufactured by moulding, delimit the tubular elements and hide part of the fixing system. For this project Palagio Engineering has not only supplied the terracotta elements but was also in charge of engineering and of the supply of the entire fixing system in aluminum, both for the rain screen as for the louver portions. The result is a balanced architecture, perfectly integrated into the surrounding environment of which evokes the colors. The careful use of materials defines surfaces and volumes, adding functional and aesthetic value to the Abu Dhabi Court House complex with exceptional results . Design Consultant: DAR AL-OMRAN Project Manager: MORGANTI (The Morganti Group Inc.) Main Contractor: GHANTOOTTRANSPORT AND GEN. CON. EST. (Building Division) Sub contractor: Mosart Marble and Mosaic LLC Cladding Façade: Palagio Engineering ...

Residenziale via Losanna a Milano: parete ventilata e schermatura frangisole di Palagio Engineering

L’immobile sorge all’angolo tra via Losanna e via Fauché, in un’area dalla lunga tradizione residenziale nel tessuto urbano milanese. L’edificio si sviluppa per otto piani fuori terra e tre piani interrati. È stata prestata grande attenzione nella scelta dei materiali, cotto, pietra e vetro temperato. Palagio Engineering è intervenuto impiegando la moderna tecnologia delle facciate ventilate, che permettono un ottimale isolamento termico delle unità abitative. Di grande rilievo anche l’utilizzo degli elementi frangisole di lunghezza 120 cm estrusi a pezzo singolo, sempre di Palagio Engineering, unici nella produzione italiana della terracotta. La facciata ventilata in cotto “TerraMODUS”  - XL SYSTEM di Palagio Engineering, è montata “a secco” su struttura metallica dedicata fissata alle pareti dell’edificio, tale da creare una camera d’aria fra il paramento esterno e la parete portante in cui si instauri una ventilazione naturale. La Fornitura di lastre “TerraMODUS” in Terracotta è realizzata con argille provenienti dal distretto storico Imprunetino, estruse a pezzo singolo. I bordi inferiore e superiore sono dotati di battentatura che permette di nascondere alla vista la struttura di ancoraggio e ridurre al minimo le infiltrazioni di acqua piovana. Le lastre vengono rettificate sui lati corti per ottenere una tolleranza dimensionale in lunghezza di ±1mm e sono pretrattate con soluzione idrorepellente “Water Resistant” per la riduzione dell’assorbimento d’acqua. La Sottostruttura metallica - System XL, è realizzata in profilato di alluminio con sezione di dimensione opportuna alla camera di ventilazione. La struttura è composta da profili verticali VT3 in alluminio e disposti con passo pari alla lunghezza delle lastra, fissati alla parete mediante staffe. Il sistema è dotato di asole per permettere la compensazione dei fuoripiombo. Nelle zone di contatto fra i ganci e le lastre sono presenti  delle strisce di neoprene. La struttura viene dimensionata per resistere ai carichi accidentali ed ai pesi propri e permettere la libera dilatazione in modo da evitare stati di coazione termica....